Full name – Mary Barbara Hamilton Cartland
Death – 2000, age 98
Nationality – English
“Love is next to Godliness with certain safeguards.”
– Barbara Cartland
In her lifetime, Dame Barbara Cartland wrote an incredible 723 books, including 160 unpublished manuscripts which have been posthumously published as her Pink Collection. Despite the evolution of the romance genre, Dame Barbara’s glorious tales of spellbinding adventure, thrilling suspense and, of course, the triumph of love over every adversity have enjoyed a massive resurgence in popularity.
She was born Mary Barbara Hamilton Cartland in Edgbaston, Birmingham, on the 9th of July, 1901, to Captain Bertram Cartland of the Worcestershire Yeomanry Militia and his wife, Mary Hamilton Scobell. They were reasonably well-off and comfortable, but in 1902, Captain Bertram’s father, James Cartland, met serious financial difficulties and took his own life. Cartland then moved with her family to London where she began contributing to the Daily Express newspaper, receiving instruction in writing from its proprietor, Lord Beaverbrook. By her early twenties, Barbara was providing gossip columns to newspapers and had published her first novel, ‘Jigsaw’, which was a great success and was reprinted six times. She became well-known on the London social scene as one of the ‘Bright Young People’, and threw famously glamorous parties. Barbara married Alexander McCorquodale in 1927 after rejecting no less than 56 other proposals of marriage. After the birth of her daughter, Raine, in 1929, Barbara continued to write novels, while providing anonymous tips, articles and columns for a variety of publications, designing successful pageants and exhibitions, and, particularly remarkably, inventing and flying the first aeroplane-towed glider in 1931. Her marriage was dissolved in 1933 and Barbara married Alexander’s cousin, Hugh McCorquodale, in 1936.
She assisted her brother Ronald in his electoral campaign to become Member of Parliament for King’s Norton, Birmingham, and helped to build the first New Housing Estate, both of which were early signs of her interests in politics and in community work. Barbara and Hugh had two sons; Ian was born in 1937 and Glen in 1939. Tragedy would soon befall the family, however, as Ronald and Anthony were killed at Dunkirk on consecutive days. She then sailed with her children to Canada away from the danger of invasion, but, as befitted her restless, determined nature, she felt ‘underemployed and cowardly’ there, and returned to England. She became Chief Lady Welfare Officer to the Services in Bedfordshire and became more seriously involved with politics and the war effort. Barbara continued in her work with the Services and introduced a system by which women of the services could more easily access wedding dresses in order to marry, demonstrating her empathy towards Servicewomen and her belief that romance and true love could overcome terrible adversities. She also redecorated RAF stations suffering from low morale with great success, and produced more political writing, including a biography of her late brother Ronald – featuring a preface by Winston Churchill – and a political novel, ‘Sleeping Swords’, the first work of fiction to be accepted by the House of Commons library.
Barbara became a County Cadet Officer from the St. John Ambulance Brigade in 1943 and continued to work and raise funds for the organisation for many years. After the war Barbara became a County Councillor for Hatfield in Hertfordshire and combined her writing work with activism. While she was a County Councillor, Barbara published her one hundredth book, but in the same year, Hugh McCorquodale died as a result of wounds contracted at Passchendaele in 1917; Barbara would not remarry. Barbara became more and more interested in the development and promotion of alternative medicine and became president of the National Association for Health, which she herself founded, in 1964. She became vice-president of the St. John Ambulance Brigade Nursing Division in Hertfordshire, helped thousands of correspondents with their health issues and her 1970 book ‘The Magic of Honey’ caused many health shops to experience honey shortages, so respected was her advice on health and on alternative medicine. By the early 1970s, Barbara had sold fifty million books. Barbara Cartland’s career progressed from strength to strength throughout the 1970s. She introduced the ‘Brain Pill’ to Great Britain, entered the Guinness Book of Records as the most prolific author alive, and released her album of love songs recorded with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra.
She became one of the very few people to appear on television’s ‘This Is Your Life’ twice and in 1990 and wrote her 500th book. As Barbara approached the end of her life, she became even more prolific, and at one time completed a book each fortnight. Barbara continued to write into her nineties and broke John Creasey’s record of 564 for the greatest number of books written by a British author. She remained a hugely popular and instantly recognisable figure, giving countless memorable interviews and starring in a South Bank Show special in 1995.
Cartland died peacefully at home on the 21st May 2000, leaving a record-breaking body of romantic novels and a significant legacy in politics and alternative medicine. To read Barbara Cartland’s life story is to be impressed that someone could fit so much into only one life. As well as writing a staggering number of books, she was also involved with great advances in many diverse fields from aviation to alternative medicine and helped many groups who she perceived as being unfairly treated, from midwives to Romany gypsy children.
Barbara often extolled the virtues of traditional relationships between men and women and falling in love, but hers is the story of a driven, independent-minded woman who was unafraid to turn her hand to anything which interested her and right wrongs Barbara Cartland is synonymous with traditional romantic fiction, but her life story is perhaps just as if not more, engrossing as her fiction.